Introduction to the Program Linguistics at the University of Georgia is interdisciplinary by nature. In addition to core faculty who have appointments in the Department of Linguistics, a large number of affiliated faculty members are housed in other departments. All faculty teach linguistics courses, mentor students, and conduct research in various subfields of linguistics. Our graduate program provides both a strong grounding in core areas of linguistics as well as the opportunity for specialization within the broad areas of phonetics and phonology syntax, semantics, and morphology pragmatics and discourse analysis computational and corpus linguistics sociolinguistics and language variation historical (Indo-European) linguistics language acquisition A student's program of study, as determined by the student and their advisory committee, will focus on two areas of concentration (primary and secondary) within and among these broader areas. A program of study may also include courses or research projects in related disciplines such as anthropology, sociology, computer science, philosophy, or in the history or structure of a specific language or languages, provided that these courses are approved by the student's committee and the Graduate Coordinator. Proseminar and colloquium courses are offered every year to enhance students' professional training and to provide opportunities to present and discuss current research projects. Areas of Study For students who are interested primarily in teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL) or in foreign language education, the Department of Language and Literacy Education in the College of Education offers M.Ed and Ph.D. degrees in these areas. Linguistic Structures and Formal Theoretical Approaches The areas of study under this general heading all deal with language structure and meaning, with the goal of constructing theoretical models to explain how humans acquire, produce, and comprehend language. Research may focus on the study of the sounds of human language (phonetics and phonology), the structure of words (morphology), the structure of sentences (syntax), and meaning (semantics). Pragmatics focuses on the effects of context on meaning, and discourse analysis studies the structure of spoken or written texts in relation to their social context. Researchers in these various fields use both natural language data and speaker intuitions, and may employ various experimental methods. Computational and Corpus Linguistics Computational linguistics is the scientific study of language from a computational perspective. It includes computational modeling of linguistic phenomena and the use of computational techniques to process natural language for research purposes and practical applications. Corpus linguistics uses large collections of written or spoken data (corpora) to investigate linguistic phenomena, applying computational methods and statistical analysis techniques. Sociolinguistics and Language Variation Languages inevitably change over time and these changes are a source of synchronic variation. The existence of linguistic variants often leads to social valuation of specific features, and these valuations or other social factors (such as language contact) can themselves drive linguistic change. The study of language variation focuses on contemporary and historical patterns of language change, including changes in progress, social factors related to variation, and empirical research methods for the investigation of language in use. Historical (Indo-European) Linguistics This area investigates change over a greater depth of time. It involves both the methodology for comparison and reconstruction of historical languages and an intense, hermeneutic approach to studying ancient languages individually. At the University of Georgia, students can acquire a close familiarity with the sounds, grammar, and vocabulary of historic Indo-European languages like ancient Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, Classical Armenian, Gothic, Old English, Old Norse, and Old Church Slavic, among others. Language Acquisition Studying the way that children acquire their first language(s), or the way that older learners acquire other languages, has practical applications and can also help us understand the nature of language itself. Students in this area can study the theoretical bases for language acquisition, the nature of bi- or multi-lingual speakers' knowledge of language, and the acquisition of specific languages, such as Spanish or German.