The development of present English through the stages of Old English, Middle English, and early Modern English. Study of elementary phonetics, phonemics, sound change, and dialect variation.
The history, present status, and future prospects of American English, including standards and internal variation.
Articulatory, acoustic, and perceptual properties of speech, as well as the relationship between the physical realities of speech production and the structure of phonological systems.
Introduction to the study of the sounds used in human languages and how sounds function as a system in individual languages. Fundamentals of articulatory and acoustic phonetics, basic phonological architecture and formalism, phonetic motivations for phonological alternations.
Detailed study of specific phonological theories and the phonetics/phonology interface, building on knowledge acquired in the introductory phonetics and phonology course.
An introduction to the study of the sound systems of languages, including basic concepts and analytic techniques, contemporary theoretical approaches, and major areas of research.
Examination of the biological evolution of human cognition (consciousness, cognition, and ultimately language), drawing on recent findings in neurobiology, cognitive science, linguistics, paleoanthropology, primatology, cognitive anthropology, cognitive ethology ("mental experience of…
Discussion and analysis of the phonological, morphological, lexical, discourse, and syntactic structures of African American English and their interaction as the grammatical system of language use in the African American community.
The language and literature of England before the Norman Conquest, with reading of selected texts.
Folk systems of knowledge, with an emphasis on how people in different societies culturally identify, define, label, and classify phenomena such as color terms, plants, animals, and other environmental resources.
Principles and methods of dictionary making with emphasis on monolingual English and bilingual dictionaries. Topics may include typology of dictionaries and dictionary users, the history of lexicography, the collection and selection of headwords and examples; the definition style, pronunciation…
English grammar as represented in alternative modern approaches, including terms and concepts from traditional and structural grammar.
An introduction to the experimental study of the psychological reality of linguistic structures. Topics include: the basics of experimental design, models of lexical and grammatical processing, speech production, figurative language, and group differences in language processing. Finally, we will…
The positions of Greek and Latin within the Indo-European language family with special attention to the phonological evolution of both Greek and Latin from Proto-Indo-European.
An introduction to the formal analysis of sentential meaning, from a linguist's perspective. After first isolating a truth-conditional notion of literal meaning, we will use techniques from logic to describe how the meanings of sentences are built from those of their parts.
Linguistic theories of second language acquisition, with emphasis on the acquisition of English. Topics include order of acquisition, sociocultural factors with linguistic bases, and neurolinguistic models.
Psycholinguistic theory applied to problems in second language learning, and the prediction of language behavior through the use of contrastive analysis.
The nature, structure, and varieties of the English language in vocabulary, grammar, pronunciation, and semantics.
One of the Celtic languages (for example, Welsh, Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic) in medieval or contemporary form. Languages and instructors may vary from semester to semester.
The Indo-European language family: the various early Indo-European dialects, their grammatical structures, and the evolution of those structures from the proto-language.
Topics such as formal and ordinary languages, meaning, reference, truth, definition, analyticity, ambiguity, metaphor, symbolism, and the uses of language.
Introduces finite-state automata as both a theoretical framework as well as a practical tool for phonetics, (morpho)phonology, and (certain aspects of) syntax. Students will learn to use software toolkits for linguistic analysis and how to work with natural-language corpora.
The scientific study of the nature and characteristics of human languages with a specific focus on the linguistic structures (phonological, morphological, syntactic, semantic) of one or more Romance Languages and their use and variation, historical development, and acquisition. Given in English…
Identification and examination of the salient structural similarities and differences between German and English.
An introduction to quantitative and statistical approaches for analyzing human language. Topics include fundamentals of quantitative and empirical research; descriptive and analytical statistics; hypothesis testing; data modeling and visualization. Data are drawn from a wide range of linguistic…
Linguistic and sociolinguistic structures of modern German with relevant linguistic terminology. Emphasis on phonology, morphology, and syntax. Taught in English.
Symbolic-mathematical logic, examining the propositional and predicate calculi, with emphasis on problems in translation and formalization and topics in the philosophy of logic and mathematics.
Formal semantics for sentential and first-order predicate logic, including both soundness and completeness results for first-order logic. Additional topics may include Goedel's incompleteness results, the Skolem-Lowenheim theorem, or possible world semantics for modal logics.
The major linguistic changes in the history of the Spanish language, including the interaction of linguistic and societal changes and the representation of these changes in texts.
Computer processing of human languages, intended for linguists with a variable amount of previous computer experience. Emphasis is on use of existing software rather than programming.
The origins of modern standard German from the Indo-European parent language through proto-Germanic, Old and Middle High German, and the early modern period.
The phonology, morphology, and syntax of the classical Sanskrit language, emphasizing the position of Sanskrit within the Indo-European language family and its importance for Indo-European linguistics.
Continued studies in both the synchronic and diachronic grammar of classical Sanskrit.
French phonetics: the sounds of French as they relate to levels of language from the vernacular to literature. An examination of how sounds vary with relation to region and social class. Practice in class and in the language laboratory. Given in French.
Theoretical and applied German phonology and word structure. Taught in English.
The Spanish sound system using core concepts of linguistics in general and phonology in particular. Characterization and transcription of spoken Spanish. Analysis of important phenomena of language variation in the Hispanic world, including national, geographical, historical, and social dialects…
Traditional methods of historical linguistics are reviewed, with examples from several different language families. Various kinds of possible phonological and syntactic changes are investigated in relation to modern linguistic theory.
Phonology of French as it determines the underlying forms of morphology with an application to the teaching of French to non-native speakers. Emphasis on the concepts of variation, acceptability, and cultural sensitivity. Given in French.
The influence of languages on other languages spoken in the same or neighboring areas, including pidgins and creoles, with consideration of relationships in phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and vocabulary.
An interdisciplinary study of language use, text analysis, and evaluation. The course will provide students with the ability to investigate and evaluate structural features of language and to identify the strategies used by different writers based on style and cultural backgrounds.
Grammar and language usage in the study of the syntactic and morphological structures of Spanish. The syntax and morphology of the pronoun and verb systems, agreement phenomena, gerunds, comparisons, and modal and aspectual distinctions. Written self-expression on a variety of issues as…
Provides an overview of the extra-linguistic factors that affect language use in historical languages; provides an introduction to conducting sociolinguistic inquiry on linguistic varieties for which direct linguistic evidence is limited. Emphasis is placed on quantifiable methods for…
The syntax of modern French through readings in descriptive analysis and examples of literary texts to see how word order contributes to meaning. Particular emphasis on levels of style and reflections of social class. Frequent compositions required. Given in French.
Phonetic and morpho-syntactic structures that are problematic for the English-speaking student of Spanish. Ways in which culture is encoded in language. Implications of Spanish linguistics for the teaching and learning of Spanish and the linguistic education of language teachers. Given in…
The study of language as a cultural and social phenomenon. Topics include language and meaning, language and world view, language and social behavior, and language and social issues.
The role of language and culture in the formation of philosophical assumptions about gender differentiation in society.
A general introduction to the use of computers in humanistic study. Students will be exposed to the theoretical literature of humanistic computing and to several specific techniques popular among computing humanists. Students will also be expected to generate critical work and to complete a web-…
Use of computers to analyze the style and language of particular texts and large collections of text. Areas for study include aspects of electronic texts in the humanities such as text encoding, file manipulation, stylometry, and textual criticism, and aspects of language such as lexical…
Design and creation of data structures for computer-based scholarship in literary and linguistic study. Students will be exposed to the relevant theoretical literature in humanities computing and will study several technologies in detail. Students will be expected to generate critical work and…
Introduction to the design and development of software for use in humanities scholarship.
The synchronic and diachronic grammar of an older Indo-European language. Possible offerings include Avestan, Hittite, Lithuanian, Old Church, Slavic, and Old Irish or topics such as Indo-European phonology, morphology, or syntax.
An introduction to the grammar and literature of Old Icelandic, the old Nordic language with the greatest body of literature. Additionally, some historical explanations will be introduced to aid in the recognition of patterns obscured by various internal developments of the Icelandic language.…
An introduction to the grammar and literature of Classical Armenian. The presentation will employ a pedagogical textbook of the language and cover the most important points of its grammar as well as the prehistory of the language.
An introduction to Old Church Slavic, the earliest written Slavic language. Covers the grammar of Old Church Slavic, reading and translation of texts, and the prehistory of the Slavic language family.
The major changes in the history of the French language, with special attention to the interaction of linguistic and societal changes and to the representation of these changes in literary texts. Given in French.
Study of the phonology, morphology, syntax, and culture of a less-taught language. Possible offerings include Finnish, Hungarian, and other non-Indo-European languages.
Study of the phonology, morphology, syntax, and culture of a less-taught language. Possible offerings include Finnish, Hungarian, and other non-Indo-European languages.
Semantic and pragmatic approaches to the study of meaning in Spanish. Differences between sentence meaning and speaker meaning. Analysis of types of discourse in Spanish such as narrative and free conversation. Given in Spanish.
Research while enrolled for a master's degree under the direction of faculty members.
Advanced supervised experience in an applied setting. This course may not be used to satisfy a student's approved program of study.
Thesis writing under the direction of the major professor.
Methods for teaching foreign language and development of language skills in German. For teaching assistants in German and graduate students in German and Language Education. Taught in English.
Principles and methods of second language teaching applied to Romance languages. An analysis of techniques used to teach listening, speaking, reading, writing, and culture, with an examination of current theories of language acquisition. Given in English.
Foreign language teaching and learning applied to Spanish. Theories of second language acquisition. Techniques and strategies to teach listening, speaking, reading, writing, and culture in context. Activities and procedures of classroom instruction. Issues in the professionalization of Spanish…
Specific aspects of Romance languages, linguistics, literatures, or cultures.
An intensive, integrative, and contextualized study of a specific representative topic in language, literature, culture, and linguistics of the Spanish-speaking world. Given in Spanish.
Recent issues and research in language acquisition and disorders. Major theories of development, assessment, and intervention, with emphasis on integration of theory and clinical practice.
Special topics and current issues in linguistic theory.
An introduction to linguistics as a profession, its history, sub-fields, and methodologies. Through a combination of guest lectures, student presentations, discussion groups, teaching observations, and reading assignments, students will develop and enhance professional skills used for both…
A forum for the presentation and discussion of current research in the field and student or faculty work in progress.
The linguistic study of word structure and how this relates to other components of the grammar of a language (phonology, syntax, semantics). Theoretical issues and problems in the study of morphology will be discussed in connection with the analysis of data from a wide variety of languages.
Recent theoretical and experimental work on the psychological aspects of semantics, grammar, and discourse processes are surveyed. Language development is also considered.
Techniques and formalisms for analyzing syntactic phenomena of human languages within the framework of generative grammar. Examples will be drawn from English.
Formal analysis of syntactic phenomena, such as the passive construction, question formation, and relative clauses, with examples drawn primarily from English.
Special topics in syntax, semantics, or the syntax/semantics interface.
Special topics in phonetics, phonology, or the phonetics/phonology interface.
Special topics and current issues in second language acquisition. Topics will vary; consult the Linguistics Program office for the specific topics to be covered in any offering of the seminar.
The original course materials dealing with such topics as formal and ordinary languages, meaning, reference, descriptions, truth, definition, analyticity, speech acts, and the uses of language.
Morphology, phonology, and history of the Gothic language based on extant texts. Emphasis on the development of earlier stages of the language and on its later language forms. Taught in English.
Phonology and grammar of the language, with extensive readings in the prose, epic, and lyric poetry of the Middle High German era.
Intensive investigation of a subject or topic in German linguistics. Taught in English.
Intensive investigation of synchronic and diachronic variation in German. Taught in English.
Human language from a computational point of view; algorithms and techniques for computer understanding of human-language input.
Special topics and current issues in historical linguistics.
The study of pidgin and creole languages. Students will examine the socio-historical background and social contexts of the languages to determine what role demographic and social factors may have played in their emergence, as well as their linguistic characteristics and their significance for…
Topics and issues in French linguistics. Possible offerings include Old French, French dialectology, French sociolinguistics, and French semantics and pragmatics. Given in French.
Survey of issues and theories in second language acquisition and examination of current research in the acquisition of Spanish as a second language. Critiques of both theoretical and applied studies and collection and analysis of empirical data. Given in Spanish.
The techniques of recording and analyzing a foreign language by working directly with a native speaker.
Special topics and current issues in language variation and sociolinguistics.
Research while enrolled for a doctoral degree under the direction of faculty members.
Advanced directed study of a topic in linguistics.
Dissertation writing under the direction of the major professor.